New food composition data on selected ethnic foods consumed in Europe

S. Khokhar, L. Marletta, D. R. Shahar, R. Farre, J. D. Ireland, M. Jansen-van der Vliet, S. De Henauw, P. Finglas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background:Reliable data on the composition of foods is needed to better understand individual diets, measure nutrient intakes and provide nutritional guidance for improving the health of the populations. Ethnic foods are becoming increasingly popular among all European consumers, and are the main source of nutrients in the diets of ethnic groups. However, there is limited information on the nutrient composition of ethnic foods in Europe. The objective of this study therefore was to generate new and reliable data on ethnic foods using harmonised methods for chemical analyses.Methods:New data on 128 ethnic foods were generated for inclusion in the national databases within the European Food Information Resource Network of Excellence through participants from France, Israel, Spain, Denmark, Italy, The Netherlands, Belgium and the United Kingdom. In each selected country, the list of prioritised foods and key nutrients, methods of analyses and quality assurance procedure were harmonised.Results:This paper presents the nutrient composition of 40 ethnic foods consumed in Europe. The nutrient composition of the foods varied widely because of the nature and variety of foods analysed, with energy content (kcal) ranging between 24 (biteku-teku, Blegium) and 495 (nachos, Italy) per 100 g of edible food. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids were generally higher in most ethnic foods consumed in Italy and Spain compared with ethnic foods of other countries.Conclusions:The new data were scrutinised and fully documented for inclusion in the national food composition databases. The data will aid effective diet and disease interventions, and enhance the provision of dietary advice, in all European consumers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)S82-S87
    JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    Volume64
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010

    Keywords

    • Analysis and Europe
    • Ethnic foods
    • Food composition
    • Nutrients

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Nutrition and Dietetics

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