New light on King Narmer and the protodynastic Egyptian presence in Canaan.

Thomas E. Levy, Edwin C. M. van den Brink, Yuval Goren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent excavations in Israel's northern Negev desert are beginning to shed new light on the character of late Protodynastic/Early Dynastic Egyptian/Canaanite interaction, ca. 3300–3000 B.C.E. Of key significance are new data relating to the role of one of the earliest historically known Egyptian kings, Narmer, in the expansion of the Nile Valley civilization. The 1994 excavations in the Nahal Tillah area unearthed large amounts of imported Protodynastic/Early Dynastic Egyptian pottery vessels, architecture, a clay seal impression, and a new incised sherd bearing the serekh symbol of King Narmer. The discovery of the Narmer serekh offers conclusive evidence of royal Egyptian interest and relations with this strategic location in southern Canaan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalBiblical Archaeologist
StatePublished - 1 Mar 1995


  • Negev (Israel)
  • Egypt -- Foreign relations
  • Palestine -- Foreign relations
  • Ancient civilization
  • Commerce
  • Palestine -- Antiquities
  • Seals (Numismatics)
  • Egyptian inscriptions
  • Egyptian pottery
  • Archaeological excavations
  • Canaanites
  • Antiquities


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