Cellulosic biomass is the most abundant renewable natural biological resource available on Earth. However, plant cell wall structure is extremely difficult to degrade and acts as a natural protective barrier. Research efforts have examined the varied set of microbial strategies to understand how they gain access to and deconstruct the valuable sugars contained in cellulosic biomass to survive and thrive in their environment. Various cellulolytic enzyme paradigms have been identified that include the free enzyme systems, the cellulosome, multifunctional enzymes, and cell wall-associated enzymes. Initiatives to engineer the different enzymatic paradigms are reviewed in the present chapter.
|Title of host publication||Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels|
|Number of pages||21|
|State||Published - 29 May 2015|
- Bifunctional enzymes
- Carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes)
- Cell wall-anchored enzymes
- Glycoside hydrolases