New tool for 21-cm cosmology. I. Probing ΛcDM and beyond

Jordan Flitter, Ely D. Kovetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this work we present 21cmfirstclass, a modified version of 21cmfast, the most popular code in the literature for computing the inhomogeneities of the 21-cm signal. Our code uses the public cosmic microwave background (CMB) Boltzmann code class, to establish consistent initial conditions at recombination for any set of cosmological parameters and evolves them throughout the dark ages, cosmic dawn, the epoch of heating and reionization. We account for inhomogeneity in the temperature and ionization fields throughout the evolution, crucial for a robust calculation of both the global 21-cm signal and its fluctuations. We demonstrate how future measurements of the CMB and the 21-cm signal can be combined and analyzed with 21cmfirstclass to obtain constraints on both cosmological and astrophysical parameters and examine degeneracies between them. As an example application, we show how 21cmfirstclass can be used to study cosmological models that exhibit nonlinearities already at the dark ages, such as scattering dark matter (SDM). For the first time, we present self-consistent calculations of the 21-cm power spectrum in the presence of SDM during the nonlinear epoch of cosmic dawn.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043512
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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