Nickel phosphide catalysts for hydrogen generation through water reduction, ammonia-borane and borohydride hydrolysis

Sirshendu Ghosh, Sunil R. Kadam, Lothar Houben, Ronen Bar-Ziv, Maya Bar-Sadan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using hydrogen as fuel requires efficient production and retrieval from energy carriers. Here, we describe the synthesis of various pure phases of nickel phosphide and describe the growth mechanisms. A comparative study illustrates the phases’ catalytic activity towards hydrogen production through electrochemical water reduction as well as hydrogen retrieval by hydrolysis of hydrogen storage materials (ammonia-borane and NaBH4). Charge separation between the Niδ+ and Pδ− sites in the various Ni–P phases plays a key role in achieving the desired efficacy of the catalytic reaction. Ni2P exhibited a significant enhancement towards the hydrogen evolution reaction, with an overpotential of 126 mV at J= 10 mA cm−2 in acid and 180 mV in alkaline. Ni12P5 was the most efficient catalyst, with a turnover frequency (TOF) = 23.0 min−1 for hydrogen evolution from ammonia-borane, and TOF= 17.3 min−1 from NaBH4, which is in accordance with noble metal nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100693
JournalApplied Materials Today
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Boron hydrides
  • Charge transfer
  • Electrocatalysis
  • Growth mechanism
  • HER
  • Hydrogen retrieval
  • Hydrogen storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)

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