Nitrate (NO3 -) and ammonium (NH4+) are the two main forms of nitrogen (N) taken up by plants. Several environmental factors affect the uptake of N. This work was undertaken to study the induction of NO3 -and NH4+ transport systems in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots as affected by salinity and light. Wheat seedlings were germinated in sterilized vermiculite and plants were grown in a growth chamber under controlled conditions for eight days with a nutrient solution without N, and with or without sodium chloride (NaCl). Uptake rates of NO3-, NH4+, or NH4+ + NO3- were calculated by measuring the disappearance of N from the solutions. The NO3- uptake developed with time, either through induction or activation. Salinity pretreatments increased net uptake rates of NO3- and NH4 +, suggesting that plants were in a higher N-deficient status when grown in saline conditions. Light decreased initial NO3- uptake but had little effect on initial NH4 + uptake.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science