Noise suppression by controlling the sparsity of the point spread function in interferenceless coded aperture correlation holography (I-COACH)

Mani Ratnam Rai, Joseph Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interferenceless coded aperture correlation holography (I-COACH) is an incoherent opto-digital technique for imaging 3D objects. In I-COACH, the light scattered from an object is modulated by a coded phase mask (CPM) and then recorded by a digital camera as an object digital hologram. To reconstruct the image, the object hologram is cross-correlated with the point spread function (PSF)—the intensity response to a point at the same object’s axial location recorded with the same CPM. So far in I-COACH systems, the light from each object point has scattered over the whole camera area. Hence, the signal-to-noise ratio per camera pixel is lower in comparison to the direct imaging in which each point is imaged to a single image point. In this work, we consider the midway between the camera responses of a single point and of a continuous pattern over the entire camera area. The light in this study is focused onto a set of dots randomly distributed over the camera plane. With this technique, we show that there is a PSF with a best number of dots, yielding an image with a maximum product of the signal-to-noise ratio and the image visibility and a maximum value of structural similarity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24311-24323
Number of pages13
JournalOptics Express
Volume27
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Aug 2019

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