Non-linear viscoelasticity and viscoplasticity of isotactic polypropylene

A. D. Drozdov, R. K. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Observations are reported in tensile tests with constant cross-head speeds (ranging from 5 to 200 mm/min), relaxation tests (at strains from 0.02 to 0.08), creep tests (at stresses from 15.0 to 25.0 MPa) and recovery tests (after straining up to the maximal strains ranging from 0.04 to 0.12 and subsequent retraction) on isotactic polypropylene at room temperature. A constitutive model is derived for the time- and rate-dependent responses of a semicrystalline polymer at isothermal deformation with small strains. A polymer is treated as an equivalent heterogeneous network of chains bridged by temporary junctions (entanglements, physical cross-links and lamellar blocks). The network is thought of as an ensemble of meso-regions linked with each other. The viscoelastic behavior of the ensemble reflects thermally-induced rearrangement of strands (separation of active strands from temporary junctions and merging of dangling strands with the network). To describe the viscoplastic response, the entire plastic deformation is split into the sum of two components: one of them is associated with sliding of junctions in the non-affine network of chains, while the other accounts for coarse slip and fragmentation of lamellar blocks. Stress-strain relations and kinetic equations for the plastic strains are developed by using the laws of thermodynamics. The constitutive equations involve five material constants that are found by fitting the observations. Fair agreement is demonstrated between the experimental data and the results of numerical simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2335-2361
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering Science
Issue number20
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Isotactic polypropylene
  • Semicrystalline polymers
  • Viscoelasticity
  • Viscoplasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Engineering (all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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