Nonlocal Correlation and Entanglement of Ultracold Bosons in the 2D Bose–Hubbard Lattice at Finite Temperature

Ulli Pohl, Sayak Ray, Johann Kroha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The temperature-dependent behavior emerging in the vicinity of the superfluid (SF) to Mott-insulator (MI) transition of interacting bosons in a 2D optical lattice, described by the Bose–Hubbard model is investigated. The equilibrium phase diagram at finite-temperature is computed using the cluster mean-field (CMF) theory including a finite-cluster-size-scaling. The SF, MI, and normal fluid (NF) phases are characterized as well as the transition or crossover temperatures between them are estimated by computing physical quantities such as the superfluid fraction, compressibility and sound velocity using the CMF method. It is found that the nonlocal correlations included in a finite cluster, when extrapolated to infinite size, leads to quantitative agreement of the phase boundaries with quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) results as well as with experiments. Moreover, it is shown that the von Neumann entanglement entropy within a cluster corresponds to the system's entropy density and that it is enhanced near the SF–MI quantum critical point (QCP) and at the SF–NF boundary. The behavior of the transition lines near this QCP, at and away from the particle-hole (p–h) symmetric point located at the Mott-tip, is also discussed. The results obtained by using the CMF theory can be tested experimentally using the quantum gas microscopy method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2100581
JournalAnnalen der Physik
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Bose–Hubbard model
  • cluster mean-field theory
  • cold gases, optical lattices
  • phase diagrams
  • superfluids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (all)


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