Novel approach for the preparation of B4C-based cermets

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80 Scopus citations


Additions of TiO2 affect significantly the sintering behavior of B4C. The two powders react at approximately 1500°C according to the reaction: B4C + TiO2 → B4C1-x + TiB2 + CO ↑ (or CO2 ↑). Above 2000°C, the resulting two-phase, B4C1-x + TiB2, mixture sinters at a higher rate than the single-phase boron carbide. The rate of sintering increases dramatically for mixtures that contained initially 40 wt% TiO2, yielding after sintering at 2190°C for 1 h a 95% dense, fine-grained composite material, consisting of substoichiometric B4C1-x and TiB2. The boron-rich carbide displays very high affinity to carbon and reverts rapidly to stoichiometric composition when treated at high temperature in a carburizing atmosphere. The two-phased ceramic can be sintered to various levels of density and infiltrated with a molten metal. After infiltration with molten aluminum, the hardness of the resulting cermets ranges from 800 to 2500 HV and the flexural strength varies from 750 to 350 MPa depending on their ceramic-to-metal ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2000
EventEuro PM'99 Conference - Turin, Italy
Duration: 8 Nov 199910 Nov 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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