We report on the nuclear dependence of transverse single-spin asymmetries (TSSAs) in the production of positively charged hadrons in polarized p↑+p, p↑+Al, and p↑+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV. The measurements have been performed at forward rapidity (1.4<η<2.4) over the range of transverse momentum (1.8<pT<7.0 GeV/c) and Feynman x (0.1<xF<0.2). We observed positive asymmetries for positively charged hadrons in p↑+p collisions, and significantly reduced asymmetries in p↑+A collisions. These results reveal a nuclear dependence of TSSAs for charged-hadron production in a regime where perturbative techniques are applicable. These results provide new opportunities to use p↑+A collisions as a tool to investigate the rich phenomena behind TSSAs in hadronic collisions and to use TSSAs as a new handle in studying small-system collisions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (all)