Nuclear localization signal peptides induce molecular delivery along microtubules

Hanna Salman, Asmahan Abu-Arish, Shachar Oliel, Avraham Loyter, Joseph Klafter, Rony Granek, Michael Elbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


Many essential processes in eukaryotic cells depend on regulated molecular exchange between its two major compartments, the cytoplasm and the nucleus. In general, nuclear import of macromolecular complexes is dependent on specific peptide signals and their recognition by receptors that mediate translocation through the nuclear pores. Here we address the question of how protein products bearing such nuclear localization signals arrive at the nuclear membrane before import, i.e., by simple diffusion or perhaps with assistance of cytoskeletal elements or cytoskeleton-associated motor proteins. Using direct single-particle tracking and detailed statistical analysis, we show that the presence of nuclear localization signals invokes active transport along microtubules in a cell-free Xenopus egg extract. Chemical and antibody inhibition of minus-end directed cytoplasmic dynein blocks this active movement. In the intact cell, where microtubules project radially from the centrosome, such an interaction would effectively deliver nuclear-targeted cargo to the nuclear envelope in preparation for import.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2134-2145
Number of pages12
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics


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