Nuclear magnetic resonance study of fluorine-graphite intercalation compounds

A. M. Panich, T. Nakajima, H. M. Vieth, A. F. Privalov, S. D. Goren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

To study the origin of semimetal-metal and metal-insulator transformations, localization effects and C-F bonding in fluorine-intercalated graphite CxF, 13C and 19F NMR investigations have been carried out for a wide range of fluorine content, 3.8 ≤ x ≤ 12.7. Fluorine spectra for small fluorine content, x > 8, are attributed to mobile fluorine acceptor species which are responsible for the increase of electric conductivity in the dilute compound. When increasing the fluorine content to x ∼ 8 corresponding to the maximum electric conductivity, covalent C-F bonds start to occur. The number of these bonds grows with fluorine content resulting in a decrease in conductivity which is caused by a percolation mechanism rather than by a change in bond length. A difference in 19F chemical shift for fluorine-intercalated graphite CxF and covalent graphite fluoride (CF)n has been observed and is attributed to different CxF bonding in these compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7633-7642
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume10
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 1998

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