Nutraceuticals synergistically promote osteogenesis in cultured 7F2 osteoblasts and mitigate inhibition of differentiation and maturation in simulated microgravity

Justin Braveboy‐wagner, Yoav Sharoni, Peter I. Lelkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Microgravity is known to impact bone health, similar to mechanical unloading on Earth. In the absence of countermeasures, bone formation and mineral deposition are strongly inhibited in Space. There is an unmet need to identify nutritional countermeasures. Curcumin and carnosic acid are phytonutrients with anticancer, anti‐inflammatory, and antioxidative effects and may exhibit osteogenic properties. Zinc is a trace element essential for bone formation. We hypothesized that these nutraceuticals could counteract the microgravity‐induced inhibition of osteogenic differentiation and function. To test this hypothesis, we cultured 7F2 murine osteoblasts in simulated micro-gravity (SMG) in a Random Positioning Machine in the presence and absence of curcumin, carnosic acid, and zinc and evaluated cell proliferation, function, and differentiation. SMG enhanced cell proliferation in osteogenic medium. The nutraceuticals partially reversed the inhibitory effects of SMG on alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and did not alter the SMG‐induced reduction in the expression of osteogenic marker genes in osteogenic medium, while they promoted osteoblast proliferation and ALP activity in the absence of traditional osteogenic media. We further observed a synergistic effect of the intermix of the phytonutrients on ALP activity. Intermixes of phytonutrients may serve as convenient and effective nutritional countermeasures against bone loss in space.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Mineralization
  • Phytonutrient
  • Polyphenol
  • Random positioning machine
  • Simulated microgravity
  • Synergy
  • Zinc

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Nutraceuticals synergistically promote osteogenesis in cultured 7F2 osteoblasts and mitigate inhibition of differentiation and maturation in simulated microgravity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this