Nutritional recommendations for cardiovascular disease prevention

Sigal Eilat-Adar, Tali Sinai, Chaim Yosefy, Yaakov Henkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

143 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lifestyle factors, including nutrition, play an important role in the etiology of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). This position paper, written by collaboration between the Israel Heart Association and the Israel Dietetic Association, summarizes the current, preferably latest, literature on the association of nutrition and CVD with emphasis on the level of evidence and practical recommendations. The nutritional information is divided into three main sections: dietary patterns, individual food items, and nutritional supplements. The dietary patterns reviewed include low carbohydrate diet, low-fat diet, Mediterranean diet, and the DASH diet. Foods reviewed in the second section include: whole grains and dietary fiber, vegetables and fruits, nuts, soy, dairy products, alcoholic drinks, coffee and caffeine, tea, chocolate, garlic, and eggs. Supplements reviewed in the third section include salt and sodium, omega-3 and fish oil, phytosterols, antioxidants, vitamin D, magnesium, homocysteine-reducing agents, and coenzyme Q10.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3646-3683
Number of pages38
JournalNutrients
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular
  • Guidelines
  • Nutrition
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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