On Cavitation in Rubberlike Materials

Yoav Lev, Konstantin Y. Volokh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Microscopic voids can irreversibly grow into the macroscopic ones under hydrostatic tension. To explain this phenomenon, it was suggested in the literature to use the asymptotic value of the hydrostatic tension in the plateau yieldlike region on the stress-stretch curve obtained for the neo-Hookean model. Such an explanation has two limitations: (a) it relies on analysis of only one material model and (b) the hyperelasticity theory is used for the explanation of the failure phenomenon. In view of the mentioned limitations, the objective of the present note is twofold. First, we simulate the cavity expansion in rubber by using various experimentally calibrated hyperelastic models in order to check whether the stress-stretch curves have the plateau yieldlike regions independently of the constitutive law. Second, we repeat simulations via these same models enhanced with a failure description. We find (and that was not reported in the literature) that the process of cavity expansion simulated via hyperelastic constitutive models exhibiting stiffening, due to unfolding of long molecules, is completely stable and there are no plateau yieldlike regions on the stress-stretch curves associated with cavitation. In addition, we find that the instability in the form of yielding observed in experiments does appear in all simulations when the constitutive laws incorporate failure description with energy limiters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044501
JournalJournal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cavitation
  • Failure
  • Soft materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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