On spatial visualization in college students

Theodore A. Eisenberg, Robert L. McGinty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


This study investigated two questions: (a) Do individuals with distinct career orientations have different spatial reasoning abilities? (b) Is there a sex difference in the spatial reasoning abilities of people with a similar career orientation? A spatial visualization test was administered to university students enrolled in four different types of mathematics courses: calculus (n = 37), business statistics (n = 72), remedial mathematics (n = 58), and mathematics for elementary school teachers (n = 56). The examination covered four forms of spatial visualization. Comparisons of performance between groups and within groups (male vs. female) were made. The unexpected sex enrolled in the course (e.g., males in elementary education) scored higher than the expected sex on a majority of the variables. Sex differences were observed within each of the courses. On three of the four variables students in the calculus courses scored higher than students in the other courses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1977
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • General Psychology


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