Type I chaperonins are fundamental protein folding machineries that function in eubacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts. Eubacteria and mitochondria contain chaperonin systems comprised of homo-oligomeric chaperonin 60 tetradecamers and co-chaperonin 10 heptamers. In contrast, the chloroplast chaperonins are heterooligomeric tetradecamers that are composed of two subunit types, α and β. Additionally, chloroplasts contain two structurally distinct co-chaperonins. One, ch-cpn10, is probably similar to the mitochondrial and bacterial co-chaperonins, and is composed of 10 kDa subunits. The other, termed ch-cpn20 is composed of two cpn10-like domains that are held together by a short linker. While the oligomeric structure of ch-cpn10 remains to be elucidated, it was previously suggested that ch-cpn20 forms tetramers in solution, and that this is the functional oligomer. In the present study, we investigated the properties of purified ch-cpn10 and ch-cpn20. Using bifunctional cross-linking reagents, gel filtration chromatography and analytical ultracentrifugation, we show that ch-cpn10 is a heptamer in solution. In contrast, ch-cpn20 forms multiple oligomers that are in dynamic equilibrium with each other and cover a broad spectrum of molecular weights in a concentration-dependent manner. However, upon association with GroEL, only one type of co-chaperonin-GroEL complex is formed.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics|
|State||Published - 23 Sep 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Biology