## Abstract

Man-made communications signals are typically modelled as continuous-time (CT) wide-sense cyclostationary (WSCS) processes. As modern processing is digital, it is applied to discrete-time (DT) processes obtained by sampling the CT processes. When sampling is applied to a CT WSCS process, the statistics of the resulting DT process depends on the relationship between the sampling interval and the period of the statistics of the CT process: When these two parameters have a common integer factor, then the DT process is WSCS. This situation is referred to as synchronous sampling. When this is not the case, which is referred to as asynchronous sampling, the resulting DT process is wide-sense almost cyclostationary (WSACS). The sampled CT processes are commonly encoded using a source code to facilitate storage or transmission over wireless networks, e.g., using compress-and-forward relaying. In this work, we study the fundamental tradeoff between rate and distortion for source codes applied to sampled CT WSCS processes, characterized via the rate-distortion function (RDF). We note that while RDF characterization for the case of synchronous sampling directly follows from classic information-theoretic tools utilizing ergodicity and the law of large numbers, when sampling is asynchronous, the resulting process is not information stable. In such cases, the commonly used information-theoretic tools are inapplicable to RDF analysis, which poses a major challenge. Using the information-spectrum framework, we show that the RDF for asynchronous sampling in the low distortion regime can be expressed as the limit superior of a sequence of RDFs in which each element corresponds to the RDF of a synchronously sampled WSCS process (yet their limit is not guaranteed to exist). The resulting characterization allows us to introduce novel insights on the relationship between sampling synchronization and the RDF. For example, we demonstrate that, differently from stationary processes, small differences in the sampling rate and the sampling time offset can notably affect the RDF of sampled CT WSCS processes.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 345 |

Number of pages | 34 |

Journal | Entropy |

Volume | 22 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Mar 2020 |

## Keywords

- Information spectrum
- Rate-distortion function
- Wide-sense almost cyclostationary
- Wide-sense cyclostationary

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General Physics and Astronomy