“One-stop shop” for the evaluation of the infertile patient: hystero-salpingo foam sonography combined with two and three dimensional ultrasound and sonohysterography

Michal Zajicek, Eran Kassif, Boaz Weisz, Raz Berkovitz Shperling, Shlomo Lipitz, Tal Weissbach, Eran Barzilay, Raoul Orvieto, Jigal Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) is considered an acceptable alternative for hysterosalpingography (HSG). By combining HyFoSy with two and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) ultrasound and hysterosonography, a complete fertility work-up can be done. We aimed to evaluate the value of a combined ultrasound examination for fertility work-up. During the study period 113 women were examined. Five of 113 (4.4%) examinations were abandoned due to intra-uterine adhesions that were detected by hysterosonography, and five (4.4%) were abandoned due to technical difficulties. Of 103 women who had completed the examination, 2D ultrasound revealed six patients with hydrosalpinx (5.8%) and sonographic signs of adenomyosis in 13 (12.6%) patients. By combining 2D ultrasound with hysterosonography, two (1.9%) fibroids that were penetrating the uterine cavity and seven (6.8%) endometrial polyps were detected. HyFoSy showed bilateral patent tubes in 58 patients (56.3%), unilateral tubal occlusion in 29 (28.1%) and bilateral tubal occlusion in 16 (15.5%). This study shows that the ‘one-stop shop’ examination is feasible. The combined examination had detected 16 pathological findings that would have not been detected by HyFoSy alone. Hence, it should be offered to couples undergoing routine infertility work-up.IMPACT STATEMENTWhat is already known on this subject? The accuracy of the HyFoSy alone has been evaluated in different studies, but this presented ultrasound scan is integrating 4 different modalities in one exam (2D scanning of the pelvis, 3D scanning of the uterus, hysterosonography and HyFoSy) and we were able to evaluate the female pelvic organs, including the uterine cavity, the tubes and the ovaries, in order to expand the range of diagnosed pathologies. What do the results of this study add? The concept of ‘one-stop shop’ for the evaluation of female pelvis in couples suffering from infertility is feasible, has comparable accuracy as HSG for tubal occlusion, and higher detection rate for uterine malformations. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? We suggest to incorporate this examination in routine fertility work-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-674
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • HyFoSy
  • hydrosonography
  • infertility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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