## Abstract

We provide a framework for online conflict-free colouring of any hypergraph. We introduce the notion of a degenerate hypergraph, which characterizes hypergraphs that arise in geometry. We use our framework to obtain an efficient randomized online algorithm for conflict-free colouring of any k-degenerate hypergraph with n vertices. Our algorithm uses O(k log n) colours with high probability and this bound is asymptotically optimal. Moreover, our algorithm uses O(k log k log n) random bits with high probability. We introduce algorithms that are allowed to perform a few recolourings of already coloured points. We provide deterministic online conflict-free colouring algorithms for points on the line with respect to intervals and for points on the plane with respect to half-planes (or unit disks) that use O(log n) colours and perform a total of at most O(n) recolourings.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 493-516 |

Number of pages | 24 |

Journal | Combinatorics Probability and Computing |

Volume | 19 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Jul 2010 |