Optical properties of polarization-dependent geometric phase elements with partially polarized light

Yuri Gorodetski, Gabriel Biener, Avi Niv, Vladimir Kleiner, Erez Hasman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The behavior of geometric phase elements illuminated with partially polarized monochromatic beams is investigated both theoretically and experimentally. The element discussed in this paper is composed of wave plates with π-retardation and a space-variant orientation angle. We found that a beam emerging from such an element comprises two polarization orders; right-and left-handed circularly polarized states with conjugate geometric phase modification. This phase equals twice the orientation angle of the space-variant wave plate comprising the element. Apart from the two polarization orders, the emerging beam coherence polarization matrix includes a "vectorial interference matrix" which contains information concerning the correlation between the two orthogonal, circularly polarized portions of the incident beam. In this paper we measure this correlation by a simple interference experiment. In addition, we found that the equivalent mutual intensity of the emerging beam is modulated according to the geometric phase induced by the element. Other interesting phenomena concerning propagation will be discussed theoretically and demonstrated experimentally. The experiment made use of a spherical geometric phase element that was realized by use of a space-variant subwavelength grating illuminated with CO2 laser radiation of 10.6 μm wavelength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-375
Number of pages11
JournalOptics Communications
Volume266
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Geometric phase
  • Partial polarization
  • Polarization-dependent lens
  • Subwavelength gratings

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