Optimization Model for Selective Harvest Planning Performed by Humans and Robots

Ben Harel, Yael Edan, Yael Perlman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This paper addresses the formulation of an individual fruit harvest decision as a nonlinear programming problem to maximize profit, while considering selective harvesting based on fruit maturity. A model for the operational level decision was developed and includes four features: time window constraints, resource limitations, yield perishability, and uncertainty. The model implementation was demonstrated through numerical studies that compared decisions for different types of worker and analyzed different robotic harvester capabilities for a case study of sweet pepper harvesting. The results show the influence of the maturity classification capabilities of the robot on its output, as well as the improvement in cycle times needed to reach the economic feasibility of a robotic harvester.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2507
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Agriculture
  • Harvest planning
  • Nonlinear programming
  • Production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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