Optimized weak measurements of Goos- Hänchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts in partial reflection

S. Goswami, S. Dhara, M. Pal, A. Nandi, P. K. Panigrahi, N. Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The spatial and the angular variants of the Imbert-Federov (IF) beam shifts and the angular Goos-HÃnchen (GH) shift contribute in a complex interrelated way to the resultant beam shift in partial reflection at planar dielectric interfaces. Here, we show that the two variants of the IF effects can be decoupled and separately observed by weak value amplification and subsequent conversion of spatial angular nature of the beam shifts using appropriate pre and post selection of polarization states. Such optimized weak measurement schemes also enable one to nullify one effect (either the GH or the IF) and exclusively observe the other. We experimentally demonstrate this and illustrate various other intriguing manifestations of optimized weak measurements in elliptical and / or linear polarization basis. We also present a Poincare sphere based analysis on conversion / retention of the angular or spatial nature of the shifts with pre and post selection of states in weak measurement. The demonstrated ability to amplify, controllably decouple or combine the beam shifts via weak measurements may prove to be valuable for understanding the different physical contributions of the effects and for their applications in sensing and precision metrology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6041-6051
Number of pages11
JournalOptics Express
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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