Organic phase PPO biosensors prepared by multilayer deposition of enzyme and alginate through avidin-biotin interactions

S. Cosnier, C. Mousty, J. De Melo, A. Lepellec, A. Novoa, B. Polyak, R. S. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Films of electrogenerated polypyrrole and hydrophilic alginate, both functionalized with biotin moieties, were used to allow for the transfer of polyphenol oxidase activity in organic media. Enzyme electrodes, based on multilayered structures, were protected at the molecular level by the affinity binding of alginate as a hydrophilic additive, and were then transferred into chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, chloroform, ethyl acetate or acetonitrile. The biosensor performance for the detection of catechol at -0.2 V was investigated, highlighting the main influence of the hydrophobicity of the solvent and, to a lesser extent, the dielectric constant. The effect of the substrate hydrophobicity on the biosensor response was examined in chlorobenzene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2022-2029
Number of pages8
JournalElectroanalysis
Volume16
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Alginate
  • Avidin-biotin
  • Biosensor
  • Organic phase
  • Polyphenol oxidase
  • Polypyrrole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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