PERTESSIS-KEIS has studied the yield of organic 38Cl from the reaction 37Cl(n,γ)38Cl in binary mixtures of CCl4 and alcohols. KONTIS and URCH suggested an independent binary model to interpret the data, however, none of their data agree with the model over the whole range of concentrations. In this paper we suggest a new model based on the formation of organic 38Cl by two precursors, one independent on the media (failure to bond rupture), while the other depends on the concentration of the two components in the binary mixture (reactions of hot and thermalized 38Cl). Our model fits all the alcohols studied by PERTESSIS-KEIS1,2 over the whole range of concentration: (Equation Presented) where Y is the organic yield of 38Cl in the mixture, Y0 is the yield for pure CCl4 (zero molar fraction of the alcohol), mA and mB are the molar fraction of the alcohol and CCl4, respectively, and or is a parameter. A plot of 1(Y 0-Y) vs. mA/mB was found to be a straight line for all the six alcohols studied by PERTESSIS-KEIS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis