Organophosphate poisoning-induced acute renal failure

Yuval Cavari, Daniel Landau, Shaul Sofer, Tom Leibson, Isaac Lazar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury as a direct complication of organophosphate poisoning has rarely been described and its etiology is unclear. CASE: A 17-year-old adolescent girl was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after a suicidal attempt with chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate insecticide compound. The patient developed acute kidney injury followed by renal failure, necessitating renal replacement therapy. She was treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration with full resolution of her renal function. CONCLUSIONS: Organophosphate poisoning can lead to renal failure, which, with proper treatment, may be reversible but, if left unattended, might aggravate the clinical course of the disease. Physicians should be aware of this rare complication.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)646-647
    Number of pages2
    JournalPediatric Emergency Care
    Volume29
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 May 2013

    Keywords

    • Chlorpyrifos
    • Continuous venovenous hemofiltration
    • Organophosphate intoxication
    • Renal failure

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Emergency Medicine

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