Orienting MoS2 flakes into ordered films

S. Appel, A. Volman, L. Houben, Y. Gelbstein, M. Bar Sadan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Layered transition metal di-chalcogenide (TMD) materials exhibit a unique combination of structural anisotropy combined with rich chemistry that confers controllability over physical properties such as bandgap and magnetism. Most research in this area is focused on single layers that are technologically challenging to produce, especially when trying to dope and alloy the host lattice. In this work, we use MoS2 flakes as a model system for the production of deliberately oriented films for practical applications in which anisotropic materials are required. The proposed production method combines ball milling with exfoliation in solution of MoS2 flakes, followed by their arrangement on a large centimeter-scale substrate by a simple and non-expensive procedure. The results show that the level of orientation achieved using the proposed system is as good as that of materials that were pressed and subjected to thermal treatment. The ball milling and exfoliation processes maintain the original crystalline structure of the MoS2 flakes, and the XRD results show that additional crystallographic phases were not produced. Lattice parameters are preserved, which verifies that other species such as water molecules did not intercalate into the MoS2 molecules. The proposed method of producing oriented films is universal, and as such, it is useful both for pure materials and for mixtures of compounds, the latter of which can be used to produce films with specifically tailored physical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7353-7359
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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