Osmotic strength differentiates between two types of calcium transport pathways regulating catecholamine secretion from cultured bovine chromaffin cells

Eliahu Heldman, Mark Levine, Kyoji Morita, Harvey B. Pollard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calcium transport and catecholamine secretion was measured in cultured bovine chromaffin cells. Calcium ions which entered the cells following stimulation with either nicotine or 50 mM KCl (high potassium) triggered catecholamine release, but then inactivated the secretory process. The nicotine and the high potassium-induced calcium transport mechanisms were mechanistically distinct, but functionally dependent on each other. The specific evidence is that whereas the high potassium-induced Ca2+ influx was found to be inhibited by hyperosmotic medium, the nicotine-stimulated calcium influx was unaffected under these conditions. High potassium and nicotine-stimulated catecholamine release were also differently affected by hyperosmotic medium. While potassium-stimulated catecholamine release was profoundly inhibited by hyperosmolarity, nicotine-stimulated release was only moderately inhibited. Sequential treatments of cells with nicotine and high potassium, under isotonic physiological conditions, indicate that there is a functional, biochemical communication between the otherwise mechanistically distinct calcium channels. Calcium ions which were found to inactivate these channels may be the basis for such communication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-425
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1091
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Feb 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • (Chromaffin-cell)
  • Calcium influx
  • Catecholamine secretion
  • Nicotinic receptor
  • Osmotic strength
  • Voltage-dependent calcium channel

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