Outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy in patients with posterior corneal steepening

Yumna Busool Abu-Eta, Achia Nemet, Igor Vainer, Michael Mimouni, Tzahi Sela, Gur Munzer, Igor Kaiserman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose: To assess post-operative outcomes following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in patients with posterior corneal steepening compared to an age, gender and refraction matched control group. Methods: A retrospective matched case-control study that analysed outcomes of PRK in eyes with posterior corneal steepening as shown by the Sirius tomography (Sirius, CSO, Italy), versus normal eyes. Both groups were age, gender and refraction matched. Data collected include: demographic data, pre-operative and post-operative refraction, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), maximal ablation depth. Inferior–superior ratio, central corneal thickness (CCT), mean posterior keratometry (K), Baiocchi Calossi Versaci index for the front (BCVf) and back (BCVb) cornea, the symmetry index of front (SIf) and back (SIb) corneal curvature were assessed pre- and postoperatively. Results: Overall, 89 study eyes and 954 normal myopic eyes were included. Compared to the control group, corneas with posterior steepening demonstrated significantly reduced CDVA (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.007) and lower CCT (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.03), before and following the operation, respectively. Pre-operative BCVf, BCVb, SIf and SIb were significantly higher in corneas with posterior steepening (p < 0.0001) and remained higher following the surgery except for BCVf. Ectasia occurred in one eye (1.1%). The safety and efficacy indices at 12 months were comparable for both groups. Conclusion: PRK on corneas with posterior steepening results in similar refractive outcomes compared to normal eyes, 1 year following the surgery. Keratectasia is a rare, however a possible complication.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2016-2023
    Number of pages8
    JournalEye
    Volume35
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ophthalmology
    • Sensory Systems

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