Outcomes of simultaneous photorefractive keratectomy and collagen crosslinking

Oded Ohana, Igor Kaiserman, Yuval Domniz, Eyal Cohen, Oz Franco, Tzahi Sela, Gur Munzer, David Varssano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To report the outcomes and complications of combined photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and collagen crosslinking (CXL). Design: A retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing combined PRK-CXL between 2011 and 2013 at Care Laser, Inc, Tel Aviv, Israel. Participants: Ninety-eight eyes of 56 patients were included. Only patients without keratoconus were included. Methods: Data were collected from the patients’ files and imaging devices. Main outcome measures were corrected and uncorrected distance visual acuity (CDVA/UDVA); spherical equivalent (SE); refractive, keratometric, and pachymetric stability; and the occurrence of postoperative complications. Results: Mean age was 27.69 ± 6.6 years. UDVA improved from 1.38 ± 0.60 to 0.15 ± 0.24 logMAR (p < 0.001). SE improved from −4.45 ± 2.87 diopter (D) to +0.20 ± 0.90 D (p < 0.001), and 69% of the patients were within ±0.50 D from emmetropia. Four eyes had significant corneal haze; of them 3 eyes lost more than 2 Snellen lines. No cases of corneal ectasia were recorded. Conclusions: In our cohort PRK-CXL achieved significantly improved UDVA and SE compared to baseline. Corneal haze was a significant complication. Refractive results were less accurate than published for patients undergoing PRK procedures. Although no cases of corneal ectasia were seen, given the rarity of such complication, the added benefit of CXL remains to be proven.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-528
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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