Outcomes of Transfemoral Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Patients with Previous Coronary Bypass

Eran Leshem-Rubinow, Yigal Abramowitz, Arie Steinvil, Eyal Ben-Assa, Ehud Chorin, Yacov Shacham, Lior Yankelson, Maayan Konigstein, Gad Keren, Shmuel Banai, Ariel Finkelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are considered to be at increased perioperative risk for a redo cardiac operation. In the era of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), these patients constitute a considerable portion of those with severe aortic stenosis referred for TAVI. We evaluated the impact of previous CABG on transfemoral TAVI outcomes. Patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (n = 515) who underwent transfemoral TAVI were divided according to the presence of history of CABG. Patients with previous valvular surgery were excluded (n = 12). TAVI clinical end points and adverse events were considered according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 definitions. Survival was estimated using Cox regression models at the enter mode with the dependent variable defined as all-cause mortality. Of the total 503 patients who underwent TAVI, 91 (18.1%) had previous CABG. At baseline, patients with previous CABG were younger (80.8 vs 83.1 years, p <0.001), mostly men (85% vs 35%, p <0.001), had more cardiac and vascular co-morbidities, higher mean logistic EuroSCORE (32.8 vs 22; p <0.001), lower ejection fraction (53% vs 56%, p <0.001), and lower AV gradients and larger valve area. At a mean follow-up of 636 days, the overall Valve Academic Research Consortium 2-adjudicated end points did not differ. No differences in mortality were observed at 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year after TAVI (hazard ratio 1.34, p = 0.55, Cox regression). We conclude that patients with previous CABG who underwent TAVI do not have increased risk of periprocedural complications or mortality, although having distinct clinical features compared with the total TAVI population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume116
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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