The paper puts forward a method for predicting output voltage and resistance of a series-series (SS) compensated inductive wireless power transfer (IWPT) link operating at load-independent-voltage-output (LIVO) frequency. The link is a part of the static system (reported by the authors in earlier works), wirelessly delivering power into an enclosed compartment without any secondary-to-primary feedback. The proposed algorithm employs input DC-side quantities (which are slow-varying and nearly noise-free, thus measured utilizing low-cost, low-bandwidth sensors) only to monitor output DC-side quantities, required for protection and/or control. It is shown that high estimation accuracy is retained as long as system parameter values are known and the phasor-domain equivalent circuit is valid (i.e., upon continuous-conduction mode (CCM) of the diode rectifier, where the proposed methodology utilizes the recently revealed modified diode rectifier equivalent model for enhanced accuracy). Under light loading (i.e., in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM)), a nonlinear correction is combined with the proposed technique to retain accuracy. The proposed methodology is well-verified by application to a 400 V to 400 V, 1 kW static IWPT link by simulations and experiments.
- DC input measurement control
- Inductive wireless power transfer
- Time-domain solution