Oxidation and coordination states assumed by transition metal dopants in an invert ultrabasic silicate glass

Alessio Zandonà, Victor Castaing, Alexander I. Shames, Gundula Helsch, Joachim Deubener, Ana Isabel Becerro, Mathieu Allix, Adrian Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


An ultrabasic invert silicate glass (46SiO2·11Na2O·21CaO·22BaO, optical basicity index equal to 0.71) was synthesized (O2 atmosphere) and used as host for various transition metal dopants. Optical absorption, emission and electron paramagnetic spectroscopies were used to characterize oxidation and coordination states. Some of the dopants displayed only their maximal oxidation state (Ti4+, V5+, Cr6+, Mo6+ and W6+). Others exhibited mixed valences: (i) Mn3+ was the dominant species, alongside Mn2+ and Mn5+; (ii) stable Fe3+ prevailed, although some Fe2+ was preliminarily suggested by the absorption spectrum; (iii) Co3+ probably accompanied the dominant Co2+ tetrahedral oxide complex; (iv) like in “conventional” silicate glasses, only Ni2+ was detected, though simultaneously located in tetrahedral and octahedral sites (somewhat distorted); (v) Cu+ was surprisingly identified alongside the expected 6-fold coordinated Cu2+. Drastic reduction of the oxygen content in the melting atmosphere led to conversion of Cr6+ to Cr3+, despite the extreme basicity of the host.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122094
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2023


  • Absorption spectra
  • Electron paramagnetic resonance
  • Extreme optical basicity
  • Invert glasses
  • Transition metal doping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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