Introduction: There is limited evidence on the consumption of analgesics in real-world large cohorts of patients with osteoarthritis (OA), especially in those with comorbidities. We aimed to characterize the use of pharmacological analgesic treatments, evaluate standardized comorbidity rates, and assess treatment trends. Our hypotheses were: (1) OA patients generally consume low and inconsistent pharmacological analgesic treatments; (2) analgesic treatment is often non-congruent with comorbidity-related safety concerns. Methods: The study was carried out at the second largest health maintenance organization in Israel. Members aged 18 years or above who were diagnosed with OA before December 31, 2018, were included. Information was obtained from the members' electronic medical record (EMR) including data on dispensed prescriptions, which were used to estimate analgesic consumption. Results: A total of 180,126 OA patients were included in our analyses; analgesics were dispensed to 64.2% of the patients, with oral NSAIDs and opioids dispensed to 34.1 and 22.9% of the OA population, respectively. Analgesic use increased with time lapsed from OA diagnosis (p < 0.001), up to a median of 59 days covered (IQR, 20–175) after 21 years. Rates of most comorbidities in the OA population were higher compared to the MHS general population. Patients with comorbidities used more NSAIDs and opioids compared to those without them. Conclusions: Most OA patients use analgesics, usually oral NSAIDs. Analgesic use remains relatively low throughout the years, indicating that many OA patients are not being treated pharmacologically for pain on a regular basis. Despite having higher rates of several comorbidities compared to MHS general population, many OA patients are still treated with analgesics that can be associated with a worsening in comorbidity. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy