## Abstract

We consider the recognition problem for two graph classes that generalize split and unipolar graphs, respectively. First, we consider the recognizability of graphs that admit a monopolar partition: a partition of the vertex set into sets A, B such that G[A] is a disjoint union of cliques and G[B] an independent set. If in such a partition G[A] is a single clique, then G is a split graph. We show that in O(2^{k}·k^{3}·(|V(G)| + |E(G)|)) time we can decide whether G admits a monopolar partition (A, B) where G[A] has at most k cliques. This generalizes the linear-time algorithm for recognizing split graphs corresponding to the case when k = 1. Second, we consider the recognizability of graphs that admit a 2-subcoloring: a partition of the vertex set into sets A, B such that each of G[A] and G[B] is a disjoint union of cliques. If in such a partition G[A] is a single clique, then G is a unipolar graph. We show that in O(k^{2k+2}·(|V(G)|^{2} + |V(G)|·|E(G)|)) time we can decide whether G admits a 2-subcoloring (A, B) where G[A] has at most k cliques. This generalizes the polynomial-time algorithm for recognizing unipolar graphs corresponding to the case when k = 1. We also show that in O∗ (4^{k}) time we can decide whether G admits a 2-subcoloring (A, B) where G[A] and G[B] have at most k cliques in total. To obtain the first two results above, we formalize a technique, which we dub inductive recognition, that can be viewed as an adaptation of iterative compression to recognition problems. We believe that the formalization of this technique will prove useful in general for designing parameterized algorithms for recognition problems. Finally, we show that, unless the Exponential Time Hypothesis fails, no subexponential-time algorithms for the above recognition problems exist, and that, unless P=NP, no generic fixed-parameter algorithm exists for the recognizability of graphs whose vertex set can be bipartitioned such that one part is a disjoint union of k cliques.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 15th Scandinavian Symposium and Workshops on Algorithm Theory, SWAT 2016 |

Editors | Rasmus Pagh |

Publisher | Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing |

Pages | 14.1-14.14 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783959770118 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Jun 2016 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 15th Scandinavian Symposium and Workshops on Algorithm Theory, SWAT 2016 - Reykjavik, Iceland Duration: 22 Jun 2016 → 24 Jun 2016 |

### Publication series

Name | Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs |
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Volume | 53 |

ISSN (Print) | 1868-8969 |

### Conference

Conference | 15th Scandinavian Symposium and Workshops on Algorithm Theory, SWAT 2016 |
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Country/Territory | Iceland |

City | Reykjavik |

Period | 22/06/16 → 24/06/16 |

## Keywords

- Fixed-parameter algorithms
- Monopolar graphs
- Split graphs
- Subcolorings
- Unipolar graphs
- Vertex-partition problems

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software