## Abstract

We consider the following graph cut problem called Critical Node Cut (CNC): Given a graph G on n vertices, and two positive integers κ and x, determine whether G has a set of κ vertices whose removal leaves G with at most x connected pairs of vertices. We analyze this problem in the framework of parameterized complexity. That is, we are interested in whether or not this problem is solvable in f(κ) · n^{O(1)} time (i.e., whether or not it is fixed-parameter tractable), for various natural parameters κ. We consider four such parameters: The size κ of the required cut. The upper bound x on the number of remaining connected pairs. The lower bound y on the number of connected pairs to be removed. The treewidth w of G. We determine whether or not CNC is fixed-parameter tractable for each of these parameters. We determine this also for all possible aggregations of these four parameters, apart from w + κ. Moreover, we also determine whether or not CNC admits a polynomial kernel for all these parameterizations. That is, whether or not there is an algorithm that reduces each instance of CNC in polynomial time to an equivalent instance of size κ^{O(1)}, where κ is the given parameter.

Original language | English GB |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 343-354 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Nov 2015 |

Event | 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation, IPEC 2015 - Patras, Greece Duration: 16 Sep 2015 → 18 Sep 2015 |

## Keywords

- Graph cut problem
- NP-hard problem
- Treewidth

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software