The role of fibrinogen in interplatelet recognition during aggregation was examined by combining two cell types: fresh platelets (in limiting density) activated by thrombin or A23187, and formaldehyde-fixed platelets, bearing cross-linked fibrinogen. The fixed platelets did not aggregate by themselves, nor with resting platelets, but were capable of interacting with activated platelets and of participating passively in aggregation. The participation, expressed by enhanced aggregation, was assayed by the conventional turbidometric traces and by cosedimentation of fixed 3H-platelets with aggregates of fresh platelets. Platelet suspensions, prepared without special means to avert spontaneous activation, retained plasma fibrinogen to the extent of 50 μg/ml of a suspension containing 108 platelets, and the derived fixed platelets participated in aggregation, independently of added fibrinogen. The capability of such fixed platelets to participate in aggregation was sensitive to proteolytic digestion and to massive acetylation. When platelet separation was aided by apyrase or aspirin, PGE1 and gel filtration, the residual plasma fibrinogen was limited to 0-4 μg/ml of 108 platelet suspension. The derived fixed platelets were incapable of participating in aggregation unless fibrinogen was added prior to fixation. The affixed fibrinogen could not be replaced by soluble fibrinogen or affixed albumin. It is concluded that fibrinogen, which binds to platelets upon activation or is linked to them covalently, is a recognition site for platelet-platelet interaction during aggregation.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology