Pathways Controlling the Expression of Surface CD21 (CR2) and CD23 (FcεIIR) Proteins in Human Malignant B Cells

George Shubinsky, Michael Schlesinger, Aaron Polliack, Ruth Rabinowitz

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to analyze the pathways regulating the expression of CD21 and CD23 B-cell differentiation antigens on human malignant B cells. Exposure of Farage cells, derived from a human B-cell lymphoma, to phorbol 12–myristate 13–acetate (PMA) down-regulated CD21 and CD23 expression, while interleukin 4 (IL4) inhibited the expression of CD21 but augmented CD23 expression. When Farage cells were stained with either anti-CD21 or anti-CD23 monoclonal antibodies (mAb), subsequent exposure to IL4 failed to change the staining of the cells, indicating that IL4 did not affect the turnover of CD21 and CD23 molecules. Inhibition of protein synthesis with cycloheximide (CXM) had no effect on the expression of CD21 molecules, but abrogated their down-regulation by IL4, suggesting that IL4 induced the synthesis of proteins which modify the processing of CD21 molecules. The inhibitory effect of IL4 on the expression of CD21 and its augmentary effect on the expression of CD23 was abrogated by H7 (I- (5-Isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine), an inhibitor of serine protein kinase. Staurosporine, an additional inhibitor of serine kinases also abrogated the effect of IL4 on CD23 expression. H8 (N- (2-[Methylamino]ethyl)-5-iso-quinolinesulfonamide), a preferential inhibitor of protein kinases A and G, and genistein, an inhibitor of tyrosine kinases had no effect on IL4-induced modulation of CD21 and CD23 in Farage cells. The exposure of B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells to PMA reduced the expression of CD21, but increased the expression of CD23. IL4 had no effect on the expression of CD21 on CLL-cells but strongly enhanced the level of CD23. H7, H8 and genistein each abrogated to a different extent the effect of IL4 on the expression of CD23 by CLL-cells. These data indicate that activation of serine/threonine kinases in malignant B cells inhibited the production of CD21 proteins, while different protein kinases appeared to be involved in up- and down-regulation of CD23 in different B lymphocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-530
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume25
Issue number42130
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CD21
  • CD23
  • expression of surface CD21
  • interleukin 4
  • malignant B cells

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