Patients at risk for peritoneal surface malignancy of colorectal cancer origin: The role of second look laparotomy

Björn L.D.M. Brücher, Alexander Stojadinovic, Anton J. Bilchik, Mladjan Protic, Martin Daumer, Aviram Nissan, Itzhak Avital

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peritoneal surface malignancy (PSM) is a frequent occurrence in the natural history of colorectal cancer (CRC). Although significant advances have been made in screening of CRC, similar progress has yet to be made in the early detection of PSM of colorectal cancer origin. The fact that advanced CRC can be confined to the peritoneal surface without distant dissemination forms the basis for aggressive multi-modality therapy consisting of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intra-peritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), and neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant systemic therapy. Reported overall survival with complete CRS+HIPEC exceeds that of systemic therapy alone for the treatment of PSM from CRC, underscoring the advantage of this multi-modality therapeutic approach. Patients with limited peritoneal disease from CRC can undergo complete cytoreduction, which is associated with the best reported outcomes. As early or limited peritoneal carcinomatosis is undetectable by conventional imaging modalities, second look laparotomy is an important means to identify disease in high-risk patients at a stage most amenable to complete cytoreduction. This review focuses on the identification of patients at risk for PSM from CRC and discusses the role of second look laparotomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-269
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cancer
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CRS
  • Carcinomatosis
  • Clinical trials
  • Colorectal cancer
  • HIPEC
  • Oxaliplatin and mitomycin
  • Prospective
  • Randomized

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