Patterns of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere and rhizoplane of alpine wet meadows

Awais Iqbal, Muhammad Maqsood Ur Rehman, Wasim Sajjad, Abraham Allan Degen, Muhammad Rafiq, Niu Jiahuan, Salman Khan, Zhanhuan Shang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wet meadows, a type of wetland, are vulnerable to climate change and human activity, impacting soil properties and microorganisms that are crucial to the ecosystem processes of wet meadows. To decipher the ecological mechanisms and processes involved in wet meadows, it is necessary to examine the bacterial communities associated with plant roots. To gain valuable insight into the microbial dynamics of alpine wet meadows, we used Illumina MiSeq sequencing to investigate how environmental factors shape the bacterial communities thriving in the rhizosphere and rhizoplane of three plant species: Cremanthodium ellisii, Caltha scaposa, and Cremanthodium lineare. The most abundant bacterial phyla in rhizosphere and rhizoplane were Proteobacteria > Firmicutes > Actinobacteria, while Macrococcus, Lactococcus, and Exiguobacterium were the most abundant bacterial genera between rhizosphere and rhizoplane. The mantel test, network, and structure equation models revealed that bacterial communities of rhizosphere were shaped by total nitrogen (TN), soil water content (SWC), soil organic carbon (SOC), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), pH, however, rhizoplane bacterial communities exhibited varying results. The bacterial communities exhibited significant heterogeneity, with stochastic process predominating in both the rhizosphere and rhizoplane. PICRUSt2 and FAPROTAX analysis revealed substantial differences in key biogeochemical cycles and metabolic functional predictions. It was concluded that root compartments significantly influenced the bacterial communities, although plant species and elevation asserted varying effects. This study portrays how physicochemical properties, plant species, and elevations can shift the overall structure and functional repertoire of bacterial communities in alpine wet meadows.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117672
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume241
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Diversity
  • FAPROTAX
  • Illumina-MiSeq
  • PICRUSt2
  • Wetlands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Biochemistry

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