Patterns of failure after stereotactic radiosurgery of the resection cavity following surgical removal of brain metastases

Ido Strauss, Benjamin W. Corn, Vibhor Krishna, Tal Shahar, Diana Matceyevsky, Elijahu Gez, Natan Shtraus, Zvi Ram, Andrew A. Kanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Whole brain radiation treatment (WBRT) is considered standard treatment for BM. However, exposing large volumes of normal brain tissue to irradiation can cause neurotoxicity. This study describes our experience with 100 consecutive patients with brain metastases who were managed with surgical extirpation followed by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to the resection cavity. Methods Patients with 1-3 brain metastases (BM), who underwent resection of 1-2 BM between June 2005 and December 2013, were treated with SRS directed to the tumor cavity and for any synchronous BM. Local and distant treatment failures were determined based on neuroimaging. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated for local and distant failure rates and overall survival. Results One hundred and two resection cavities were treated with SRS in 100 consecutive patients. Thirty-two additional synchronous metastases were treated in 27 patients during the same session. The median overall survival was 18.9 months. Local control rate at 1 year was 84%. Longer delays between surgery and SRS were associated with increased risk of local failure (hazard ratio, -1.46; P = 0.02). Distant progression occurred in 44% of the patients at a mean of 8.8 ± 6.6 months after SRS treatment. Ten cases of leptomeningeal spread occurred around the resection cavities (9.8%). Central nervous system failure was not significantly associated with survival. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that recursive partitioning analysis and active systemic disease were significantly associated with survival. Conclusion The strategy described provides acceptable local disease control when compared with WBRT following surgery. This approach can delay and even annul WBRT in the majority of selected BM patients, especially recursive partitioning analysis class I patients. SRS should be scheduled as soon as possible after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1825-1831
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Failure
  • Post-resection
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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