Pectic Galactan Polysaccharide-Based Gene Delivery System for Targeting Neuroinflammation

Nitsa Buaron, Antonella Mangraviti, Francesco Volpin, Ann Liu, Mariangela Pedone, Eric Sankey, Dina Aranovich, Itay Adar, Fausto J. Rodriguez, Abraham Nyska, Riki Goldbart, Tamar Traitel, Henry Brem, Betty Tyler, Joseph Kost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Treating neuroinflammation-related injuries and disorders through manipulation of neuroinflammation functions is being heralded as a new therapeutic strategy. In this study, a novel pectic galactan (PG) polysaccharide based gene therapy approach is developed for targeting reactive gliosis in neuroinflammation. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a cell protein with a high affinity to β-galactoside sugars and is highly expressed in reactive gliosis. Since PG carries galactans, it can target reactive gliosis via specific carbohydrate interaction between galactan and Gal-3 on the cell membrane, and therefore can be utilized as a carrier for delivering genes to these cells. The carrier is synthesized by modifying quaternary ammonium groups on the PG. The resulting quaternized PG (QPG) is found to form complexes with plasmid DNA with a mean diameter of 100 nm and have the characteristics required for targeted gene therapy. The complexes efficiently condense large amounts of plasmid per particle and successfully bind to Gal-3. The in vivo study shows that the complexes are biocompatible and safe for administration and can selectively transfect reactive glial cells of an induced cortical lesion. The results confirm that this PG-based delivery system is a promising platform for targeting Gal-3 overexpressing neuroinflammation cells for treating neuroinflammation-related injuries and neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2100643
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume31
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • galectin-3
  • gene therapies
  • neuroinflammation
  • pectic galactan polysaccharide
  • reactive gliosis

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