Perception vs. circumstances of the child sexual abuse event in relation to depression and post-traumatic stress symptomatology

Rachel Lev-Wiesel, Liora Markus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study examined the impact of the circumstances of childhood sexual abuse on post-traumatic stress symptoms and depression among female adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. The sample consisted of 225 Israeli women divided into two groups according to the identity of the perpetrator (nonfamily perpetrator versus a family member perpetrator). A self-report questionnaire was used consisting of the following scales: demographic variables, the Traumatic Events Questionnaire, Childhood Sexual Experiences Scale, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale, and Depression Scale. The findings indicated that the identity of the offender significantly differed between groups only if intercourse had occurred. Women who experienced coerced intercourse scored significantly higher on depression and post-traumatic stress compared to those who experienced other forms of childhood sexual abuse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-533
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Child Sexual Abuse
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PTSD
  • childhood sexual abuse
  • contextual circumstances
  • depression
  • intercourse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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