Perceptions of shared decision making in gastroenterology and inflammatory bowel disease: A qualitative analysis

Livnat Blum, Carlotta Micaela Jarach, Moriah E. Ellen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Shared decision-making (SDM) is the partnership and discussion between clinicians and patients to make an appropriate decision based on scientific evidence and patient preferences. Many benefits are associated with SDM; however, little is known about its awareness or use by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) clinicians in gastroenterology departments across Israel. This study aims to identify barriers and facilitators in implementing SDM as standard practice to achieve optimal disease management and personalized care for patients with IBD. Methods: Sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with IBD clinicians across Israel to identify the barriers and facilitators for SDM use. An interview guide was developed, based on the systematic approach of the Theoretical Domain Framework (TDF). Interview transcripts were coded into theoretical domains to identify factors that may impact SDM. Results: Sixteen gastroenterologists from nine different hospitals were interviewed. Common TDF domains that presented as barriers were: knowledge, skills, social/professional role and identity, environmental context and resources, and reinforcement. Most participants had never heard the precise term “shared decision making” and lacked formal training on SDM. Conclusion: This study identified key barriers and facilitators to SDM in IBD clinics across Israel. Main barriers of SDM include limited or nonexistent training; clinicians were unaware of SDM guidelines or techniques. The main facilitators of SDM were clinicians’ social and professional role and identity and their beliefs about the influence of IBD and/or CD. Practice Implications: These influencing factors and TDF domains identified provide a basis for developing future interventions to improve the implementation of SDM within IBD management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107877
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume115
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Clinical decision-making
  • Clinician perspective
  • Clinician's role
  • Gastroenterology
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Patient-centered care
  • Shared decision-making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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