Perceptual integrality of sex and identity of faces: Further evidence for the single-route hypothesis

Tzvi Ganel, Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

According to current face-recognition models, sex (gender) and identity of faces are processed in independent routes. Using Garner's speeded-classification task, the authors provide evidence that sex and identity are processed within a single route. In 4 experiments, participants judged the sex or the familiarity of faces while the other dimension remained constant or varied randomly. The results of Experiments 1, 2, and 4 showed that participants could not selectively attend to either sex or familiarity without being influenced by the other, irrelevant dimension. Thus, identity and sex are integral dimensions. Experiment 3 provided evidence that when sex judgments are based on hairstyle heuristics, false separability can emerge. The findings support the claim that identity and sex are processed within a single route.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-867
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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