OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perinatal outcome of women with tuberculosis and to assess a possible association between maternal tuberculosis and long-term infectious morbidity of the offspring.
STUDY DESIGN: Perinatal outcome and long-term infectious morbidity of offspring of mothers with and without tuberculosis were assessed. The study groups were followed until 18 years of age tracking infectious-related morbidity and infectious-related hospitalizations and then compared. For perinatal outcome, generalized estimation equation models were used. A Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare cumulative incidence of long-term infectious morbidity. A Cox proportional hazards model was conducted to control for confounders.
RESULTS: During the study period, 243,682 deliveries were included, of which 46 (0.018%) occurred in women with tuberculosis. Maternal tuberculosis was found to be independently associated with placental abruption, cesarean deliveries, and very low birth weight. However, offspring born to mothers with tuberculosis did not demonstrate higher rates of infectious-related morbidity. Maternal tuberculosis was not noted as an independent risk factor for long-term infectious morbidity of the offspring.
CONCLUSION: In our study, maternal tuberculosis was found to be independently associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. However, higher risk for long-term infectious morbidity of the offspring was not demonstrated. Careful surveillance of these women is required.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|State||Published - 26 Aug 2020|
- Cesarean delivery
- Infectious morbidity
- Perinatal outcome
- Placental abruption
- Very low birth weight
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)