Perinatal outcome of pregnancies complicated with extreme birth weights at term

Uri Chavkin, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Ruslan Sergienko, Asnat Walfisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate whether an abnormal birthweight at term, either small for gestational age (SGA, < 5th centile for gestational age) or large for gestational age (LGA, > 95th centile for gestational age), is a risk factor for perinatal complications as compared with birthweight appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Methods: A population-based retrospective cohort analysis of all singleton pregnancies delivered between 1991 and 2014 at Soroka Medical Center. Congenital malformations and multiple pregnancies were excluded. A multivariable generalized estimating equation regression model was used to control for maternal clusters and other confounders. Results: During the study period, 228,242 births met the inclusion criteria, of them 91% were AGA (n = 207,652), 4.7% SGA, and 4.3% LGA. SGA significantly increased the risk for perinatal mortality (aOR 5.6, 95%CI 4.5–6.8) and low 5-min Apgar scores (aOR 2.2, 95%CI 2.0–2.4), while LGA did not. SGA and LGA were both significant risk factors for cesarean delivery. LGA was significantly associated with shoulder dystocia and post-partum hemorrhage (aOR =13.6, 95%CI 10.9–17.0, and aOR 1.7, 95%CI 1.2–2.6, respectively). Conclusions: Extreme birthweights at term are significantly associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. As opposed to SGA, LGA is not independently associated with perinatal mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-202
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Apgar score
  • cesarean delivery
  • large for gestational age
  • macrosomia
  • perinatal mortality
  • small for gestational age
  • term pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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