Perinatal outcomes among pregnant patients with peripartum coronavirus disease 2019 infection

Alla Saban, Noa Leybovitz Haleluya, Yael Geva, Neta Geva, Reli Hershkovitz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose: Evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes in peripartum coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) positive women. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, comparing outcomes between women with and without peripartum COVID-19. All singleton deliveries from June 2020 to January 2022 were included. Univariate analysis was followed by multivariate analysis. Results: Of 26,827 singleton deliveries, 563 women had peripartum COVID-19, associated with preterm deliveries both near-term and remote from term [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.6 and 2.0, respectively, p = 0.007 and 0.003]. Women with peripartum COVID-19 had a significantly higher rate of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) (aOR 23.0, p < 0.001). Conversely, peripartum COVID-19 peripartum COVID-19 was negatively associated with premature rupture of membranes and prolonged maternal length of stay (aOR 0.7 and 0.5, respectively, p = 0.006 and <0.001). In cesarean delivery (CDs), patients with COVID-19 had higher rate of urgent CDs (75.5 vs. 56.1%, p < 0.001), higher rate of regional anesthesia (74.5 vs. 64.9%, p = 0.049), and longer anesthesia duration (86.1 vs. 53.4 min, p < 0.001). CD rate due to non-reassuring fetal heart rate (NRFHR) was significantly higher in women with COVID-19 (29.6 vs. 17.4%, p = 0.002). Conversely, CDs rate due to history of previous single CD was significantly higher in patients without COVID-19 diagnosis (13.6 vs. 4.1%, p = 0.006). Concerning neonatal outcomes, an association has been observed between COVID-19 and low one-minute APGAR score <5, as well as neonatal COVID-19 infection (aOR 61.8 and 1.7 respectively, p < 0.001 and p = 0.037). Conclusions: Peripartum COVID-19 is associated with preterm deliveries, urgent CDs and DIC, potentially aligning with the infection’s pathophysiology and coagulation alterations.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2024

    Keywords

    • COVID-19
    • Perinatal outcomes
    • Peripartum
    • Preterm delivery

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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