Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenopathy syndrome is associated with activation of GM-CSF and burst-like expression of IL-8 in peripheral blood

Eduard Ling, Moshe Israeli, Tirza Klein, Jacob Amir, Liora Harel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenopathy (PFAPA) is an autoinflammatory syndrome characterized by periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, cervical lymphadenopathy, myalgia, and abdominal pain. Peripheral blood concentrations of selected cytokines of PFAPA patients during and between febrile episodes were analyzed in a search for PFAPA-specific molecular signature. Methods. 23 children with PFAPA (age 6.07 ± 2.94 years, range 5-9 years) and three control children with severe oropharyngeal infections (age 6.2 ± 7.95 years, range 1– 17 years) participated in the study. Peripheral blood concentrations of IL-1 β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-γ, GM-CSF, TNF-α were measured using Luminex technology. Results. PFAPA febrile episodes were characterized by detection of GM-CSF-134.07 ± 315.5 pg/mL; significant (P < 0.001), compared to baseline and controls, elevation of concentrations of IL-8 (3193.7 ± 2508 pg/mL vs. 100.36 ± 119. pg/mL vs. 2.04 ± 4.08 pg/mL, respectively), IL-6 (1355.38 ± 2026.53 pg/mL vs. 28.8 ± 44.2 pg/mL and 27.13 ± 26.42 pg/mL, respectively). IL-1β was detected only in febrile and afebrile PFAPA patients (922.8 ± 1639 pg/mL vs. 10.98 ± 19.4 pg/ml, P < 0.002, respectively), but not in controls. Peripheral blood concentration of TNFα did not differ significantly between study groups. IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10 were negligible in all study subjects. Discussion. PFAPA febrile episodes are characterized by activation of GM-CSF and IL-8 with Th1 skewing. We propose a molecular mechanism governing this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1000
Number of pages4
JournalModern Rheumatology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • GM-CSF
  • IL-8
  • Inflammation
  • PFAPA

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